Showing posts from July, 2020

Modeling and Simulation of Incident Management for Homeland Security

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) established its  National Incident Management System (NIMS)  in 2004. A response to one of President George W. Bush’s Homeland Security Presidential Directives, NIMS sets guidelines for public and private sector collaboration in preventing, mitigating, and responding to domestic incidents.  Because NIMS “applies to all incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity,” modeling and simulation are vital to strengthening incident management tools. To manage incidents—a process that involves careful analysis and strategy—FEMA utilizes NIMS and the National Response Framework (NRF) to serve as the backbone of its methodologies.  Since 2004, a lot of work has gone into creating realistic scenarios that train government employees and private sector participants to act during an actual emergency. However, simulation scenarios are still largely executed manually with participants working at actual tabletops with notebooks and pap